Temperature Sensitive Foods
eltherm GmbH (Headquarters)
Phone: +49 2736 4413 8201
To achieve liquification, the gas must be cooled down to -160 °C. LNG occupies only 1/600th of the volume of natural gas. So liquifying is an economic option for storage and transport. Linde was assigned by the Norwegian Skangass AS to build a LNG plant at Stavanger in Norway, including a LNG storage tank with a diameter of approximately 50 m.
Because of the -160 °C inside the storage tank, frost can occur around and under the tank and in the foundation of the plant, causing frost heave cracking. This can pose a serious risk to safe operation. An electrical heat tracing system prevents this by keeping the structure‘s at 5 °C. Reliability is the key requirement, so eltherm engineers developed a redundant system with was chosen. 50 heating circuits in normal operations and 40 circuits in essential generator mode allow one system to be repaired in the case of unexpected failure, while the other maintains normal function. In addition to the foundation heating a ring-heater beneath the ring wall was installed to prevent freezing. The scope of supply included engineering and design, installation and commissioning as well as power and control systems.
The pipeline network of the LNG plant with all drums and pumps is heated to +10° C for freeze protection. Also, process temperatures between 15 °C and 140 °C are maintained to ensure that the gas liquefaction process runs smoothly and safely.
Linde AG is a global leader in natural gas liquefaction plants and consulted eltherm engineering to develop a custombuild solution for the Stavanger LNG plant in Norway.
Frost protection on the foundation slab required 16 heating circuits, 12 in the foundation and 4 under the ring wall. To take account of the highly corrosive ambient conditions, the ELKM-AG-N trace heater with its robust fluoropolymer insulation was employed. It is chemically resistent even at high temperatures and is certified for hazardous areas (Ex area). Additionally to the heating system, eltherm provided the complete control room for power and control. Strong emphasis is placed on energy efficiency and running cost reduction. An under-run alarm with 2 °C and an excess alarm at 15 °C ensures that the liquefaction process is never disturbed.
eltherm designer provides the tools to calculate, select and plan EHT systems and solutions for vessels and tanks. Selecting the appropriate eltherm trace heater, picking the associated accessories, and calculating key elements of EHT design have never been easier. This software is provided free-of-charge.
This software is provided free-of-charge.
We make sure that your processes run smoothly. We check safe function of the EHT system and conduct maintenance and repair – wherever and whenever. This saves you costly down times.